Dr Penny Phillips-Howard

Senior Lecturer

Areas of interest

Public health epidemiology, mortality ascertainment, health and wellbeing of vulnerable groups including young adolescents.

Career Summary

Dr Phillips-Howard is a public health epidemiologist, who started her professional career as one of the early ‘degree nurses’ in the 1970’s at Westminster Hospital London, linked with South Bank University. After specialisation at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases she worked with Save the Children Fund, providing care for Vietnamese refugees settling in Britain; trained for midwifery at John Radcliffe Hospital Oxford, and then lived in the Amazon in Bolivia. This was followed by 6 years (1984-1989) at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, conducting research on imported malaria, where she attained her PhD. After a brief time as British Airways Research Fellow at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, she worked for 5 years (1990-1994) as a technical officer in the Malaria Control Programme at the World Health Organization, Geneva. She and her family then moved to western Kenya, for 6 years (1995-2001) where she coordinated the multi-disciplinary trial investigating the impact of insecticide treated bednets on malaria morbidity and mortality. When relocating back to UK she took a family career break, and then worked at Liverpool John Moores University where she developed an interest in research on young adolescent health.  Her focus has returned to Kenya, where she collaborates with KEMRI/CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration, examining the public health challenges of changing mortality patterns in rural populations. She joined LSTM in 2012 and leads research on characterising factors which impact on girls schooling in rural western Kenya, and testing interventions; including the potential role of improved menstrual management solutions.

Selected publications

  • Selected 10 Publications

    Odhiambo FO, Laserson KF, Sewe M, et al. The KEMRI/CDC Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), Western Kenya, Int J Epidem, 41: 977-987, 2012.

    Madden H, Phillips-Howard PA, Hargreaves SC, Downing J, Bellis MA, Cook PA. Access to HIV community organisations by vulnerable populations: Evidence from an enhanced HIV/AIDS surveillance system. AIDS Care, 23(5):542-92011.

    Phillips-Howard PA, Bellis MA, Briant L, Jones H, Downing J, Kelly IE, Bird T, Cook PA. Wellbeing, alcohol use and sexual activity in young teenagers: findings from a cross-sectional survey in school children in North West England. J Sub Abuse Treat Prev Pol, 5:27, 2010.

    Friedman JF, Phillips-Howard PA, Mirel LB, Terlouw DJ, Okello N, Vulule JM, Hawley WA, Nahlen BL, ter Kuile F. Progression of stunting and its predictors among school-aged children in western Kenya. Europ J Clin Nutrit, 59, 914−922, 2005.

    Lindblade KA, Eisele TP, Gimnig JE, Alaii JA, Odhiambo F, ter Kuile FO, Hawley WA, Wannemuehler KA,Phillips-Howard PA, Rosen DH, Nahlen BL, Terlouw DJ, Adazu K, Vulule JM, Slutsker L. Sustainability of reductions in malaria transmission and infant mortality in western Kenya with use of insecticide-treated bednets: 4 to 6 years of follow-up. J Am Med Assoc, 291(21):2571-80, 2004.

    Desai M, Mei JV, Kariuki S, Wannemueler K, Phillips-Howard PA, Nahlen BL, Kager PA, Vulule JM, ter Kuile FO.et al. Randomized controlled trial of daily iron supplementation and intermittent sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the treatment of mild childhood anemia in Western Kenya. J Infect Dis, 187:658-66, 2003.

    Phillips-Howard PA, Nahlen BL, Kolczak MS, Hightower AW, ter Kuile FO, Alaii JA, Gimnig JE, Arudo J, Vulule JM, Odhacha A, Kachur SP, Schoute E, Rosen DH, Sexton JD, Oloo AJ, Hawley WA. Efficacy of permethrin-treated bednets in the prevention of mortality in young children in an area of high perennial malaria transmission in western Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 68(S4): 23-29, 2003.

    Shapiro RL, Kumar L, Phillips-Howard PA, Wells JG, Adcock P, Brooks J, Ackers ML, Ochieng JB, Mintz E, Wahlquist S, Waiyaki P, Slutsker L. Antimicrobial resistant bacterial diarrhea in rural western Kenya, J Infect Dis, 2001;183:1701-1704, 2001.

    Steffen R, Fuchs E, Schildknecht J, Naef U, Funk M, Schlagenhauf P, Phillips-Howard PA, Nevill C, Stürchler D.  Mefloquine compared with other malaria chemo-therapeutic regimens in tourists visiting east Africa. Lancet341:1299-1303, 1993.

    Phillips‑Howard PA, Radalowicz A, Mitchell J, Bradley DJ. Risk of malaria in British residents returning from malarious areas. Brit Med J, 300: 499‑503, 1990.