Dr Barbara Madaj

Head of Monitoring and Evaluation

Barbara holds an MA degree in Economics and Sociology (University of Edinburgh) and a PhD on migration of medical personnel (University College London). She has over 15 years professional experience in designing, implementing and analysing quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods studies focusing on low- and middle-income countries and transition economies.

Before joining the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in 2011, she conducted research projects for commercial clients, government and public bodies, as well as academic and social studies, covering a wide range of topics in financial, automotive, FMCG and media industries to evaluating experiences of disabled children and social attitude surveys.

At the Centre for Maternal and Newborn Health, Barbara oversees monitoring and evaluation of programmes in maternal and newborn health on short and long-term assignments ranging from desk-based, through small scale to multi-country programmes for funders such as DFID, Global Fund, Unicef and the World Health Organization.
To date, Barbara has worked on studies in 30 countries in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East, including Algeria, Bangladesh, China, India, Iraq, Kenya, Niger, Poland, United Kingdom and Zimbabwe.

As part of her role at the Centre, she manages a team comprising clinical research associates, senior statistician, data manager, research assistants and data clerks, as well as publications support staff. Additionally, she supervises postgraduate students and contributes to the work of the Research Ethics Committee.


Barbara’s interests in healthcare include human resources and organisation of the sector, as well as health outcomes and policy development. In particular, she specialises in developing frameworks and tools for measuring and assessing interventions in research and implementation studies.

Her current research involvement is focused on assessing healthcare facility performance, evaluation of capacity building programmes for healthcare providers in maternal and newborn health, and medical staff retention in resource-poor settings.

Barbara has extensive experience in designing, conducting and analysing quantitative, qualitative and mixed-methods studies. Her current work involves supporting monitoring and evaluation activities undertaken by CMNH, and developing and managing systems for M&E organisation, data collection (including use of optical character recognition software and electronic data capturing), processing and analysis.

She actively inputs into different studies across the Centre in developing protocols and data collection tools, training, fieldwork and analysis. She also supervises studies at PhD and MSc level, as well as contributing to postgraduate Progress Advisory Panels and examining PhD theses.

Examples of completed projects:
• a comprehensive multi-level monitoring and evaluation of a capacity-building programme in 11 African and Asian countries covering assessment of knowledge and skills of healthcare providers, measuring behaviour change post training and assessment of healthcare facilities on emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmOC&NC)
• evaluation of a national maternal and child health programme in Nigeria
• development, implementation and evaluation of a training package for improving the understanding and use of data in healthcare facilities in resource-poor settings (Making it Happen with Data), which to date has been implemented in nine countries
• national assessment of quality of care in healthcare facilities in Niger
• assessing and reviewing indicators used in measuring quality of care in maternal and newborn health.

PhD Supervision

Barbara is currently supervising the following PhD candidates:

Fiona Dickinson: Developing a Patient Reported Outcome Measure for use in maternity services in low and middle-income countries (Kenya and Malawi)

Terry Kana: Scope of practice and workload of midwives in low and middle-income countries (Bangladesh and Malawi)

Hannah McCauley: Effectiveness of a new workshop package to improve availability and quality of antenatal and postnatal care in low and middle-income countries (country: TBC)

Mselenge Mdegela: Factors affecting retention of the health workforce in Malawi and Tanzania


Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas: Social Return on Investment for Emergency Obstetric Care Training in Kenya.

Selected publications

  • Selected publications

    McCauley M, Madaj B, White SA, Dickinson F, Bar-Zeev S, Aminu M, Godia P, Mittal P, Zafar S, van den Broek N. Burden of physical, psychological and social ill-health during and after pregnancy among women in India, Pakistan, Kenya and Malawi. BMJ Global Health 2018;3(3):e000625. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000625

    Banke-Thomas A, Madaj B, Kumar S, Ameh CA, van den Broek N. Assessing value-for-money in maternal and newborn health. BMJ Global Health 2017;2:e000310. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000310

    Banke-Thomas A, Wilson-Jones M, Madaj B, van den Broek N. Economic evaluation of emergency obstetric care training: a systematic review. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth 2017;17: 403. doi: 10.1186/s12884-017-1586-z

    Madaj B, Smith H, Mathai M, Roos N, van den Broek N. Developing global indicators for quality of maternal and newborn care: a feasibility assessment. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2017;95(6):445-52. doi: 10.2471/BLT.16.179531 

    Ameh CA, Kerr R, Madaj B, Mdegela M, Kana T, Jones S, Lambert J, Dickinson F, White S, van den Broek N. Knowledge and Skills of Healthcare Providers in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia before and after Competency-Based Training in Emergency Obstetric and Early Newborn Care. PLOS One 2016;11(12):e0167270. 

    Banke-Thomas AO, Madaj B, Ameh C, van den Broek N. Social Return on Investment (SROI) methodology to account for value for money of public health interventions: a systematic review. BMC Public Health 2015;15:582. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1935-7

    Pyone T, Adaji S, Madaj B, Woldetsadik T, van den Broek N. Changing the role of the traditional birth attendant in Somliland. International Journal of Gynaecology & Obstetrics 2014;127(1):41-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.04.009

    Madaj, B Migration of doctors from Poland to the UK; A study of medical mobility following the enlargement of the European Union in May 2004. 2011. Saarbruecken: Lambert Academic Publishing

    Krajewski-Siuda, K, Romaniuk P, Madaj B, Forbes J and Hubicki L. Brain drain threat–Polish students are not satisfied with labor market options for health professionals in Poland, Journal of Public Health 2008;16(5):347-351

    Baker C, Gerry CJ, Madaj B, Mellish L and Nahodilova J (eds) Nation in formation; Inclusion and exclusion in Central and Eastern Europe. 2007. London: SSEES UCL